according to the american psychiatric association (2000), autism is characterized by impairments in social skills and communication, and the presence of stereotyped/ repetitive behaviors. (7) describe social behavior in the context of orientation and communication, and wing et al. the findings of studies about tom development and its effect on the social relationships in different stages (infancy to school age) support the claim that development in tom can transform children’s relationships (24). the results of a study on the effects of tom training and social skills training indicated a substantial increase in social interactions and tom scores (44). for validity, the content validity, the correlation of sub-tests with total score, and concurrent validity was used. after the training, they were asked to follow the instructions and work with a child with asd (who was not from neither of the schools in the study) in the presence of the researchers.
in the case of a mistake, the correct answer and feedback was given to the child. both the pictures, and the events in them, were described for the child while he/she was asked to talk about the belief of the person in the picture. he/she was then asked to talk about the desire and belief of the person in the picture. the outcome indicated that tom training led to improvement of social skills in these children. in the study of begeer et al. accessibility to one scale for rating the social skills could be another limitation of this study. thanks to university of welfare and rehabilitation sciences that supported this research finacialy, and special education organization and schools, which their help made this study possible.
the outcome indicated that tom training led to improvement of social skills in these children. theory of mind, the ability to make inference about mental state to self and other people, is thought to be a mechanism needed for human to function in the social networks. individuals with asd are deficient in tom abilities. theory of mind training includes any form of instruction which is designed to teach people how to recognise mental states (such as thoughts, beliefs and emotions) in themselves and in other people. tom. theory of mind. rct. randomized controlled trial. tau. treatment as usual. tomi. theory of mind intervention. sct., theory of mind training program, theory of mind training program, theory of mind activities pdf, theory of mind training adults, how to improve theory of mind.
and if so, can we leverage those mechanisms for treatment or intervention? because we do see that . individual differences in the efficacy of a short theory of mind intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder: a theory of mind involves our ability to understand mental states—our own and those of others., theory of mind test, theory of mind intervention, theory of mind explained, theory of mind in adults
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