nutrients are substances obtained from food and used by an animal as a source of energy and as part of the metabolic machinery necessary for maintenance and growth. if you’re responsible for taking care of kittens in the first few months of their lives, you should be prepared to move them from a diet of milk to regular kitten food. weaning is the process of transitioning kittens from mother’s milk to solid food. the weaning process normally begins when kittens are around four weeks old, and is usually completed when they reach eight to ten weeks. generally, when a kitten’s eyes are open and able to focus, and he is steady on his feet, the introduction of solid food can safely begin. whenever possible, kittens should remain with their mother during the weaning process, as she will inherently know what to do.
in the meantime, use a soft, moist cloth to wipe any formula off the animal’s face and feet after each feeding. the amount you feed your adult cat should be based on his or her size and energy output. cats begin to show visible age-related changes at about seven to twelve years of age. obesity is an extremely common problem in pets and, as with humans, can be detrimental to the health of a cat. the overweight pet has many added stresses upon his body and is at an increased risk of diabetes, liver problems and joint pain. as a subjective assessment of body condition, you should be able to feel the backbone and palpate the ribs in an animal of healthy weight. viewed from the side, there should be a “tuck” in the tummy—the abdomen should go up from the bottom of the rib cage to inside the thighs.
feeding your cat the appropriate amount of a well-balanced diet is vital to the maintenance of overall health and well-being, just as eating a well-balanced diet is for us. the high levels of the correct types of protein that cats need can only be found in animal tissue. in fact, depending on the individual and the type of food, some cats will eat from 12 – 20 meals a day.
with the unique nutritional requirements and feeding behavior of the domestic cat in mind, it is easy to appreciate practical recommendations for feeding. by 6 months, the need for food is decreased as kittens are about 75% of their adult size and can be fed 2 meals a day. many owners prefer to feed small meals of moist food once or twice a day and provide dry food in between canned portions. however, the quality of ingredients can vary, and it can be difficult to determine their quality based strictly on reading the label.
adult cats should eat enough of a high-quality, nutritious food to meet their energy needs and to maintain and repair body tissues. the amount you feed your cats evolved as hunters that consume prey that contains high amounts of protein, moderate amounts of fat, and a minimal amount of carbohydrates, and their diet all about healthy nutrition for cats; includes extensive resource links, recipes, testimonials, and helpful tips and tricks for doing it right., .
in the wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only approximately 1-2 percent cats rely on protein as their main energy source. they have an absolute requirement for the nutrients, and amino acids only found in animal protein sources. through evolution, cats have become dependent on the specific forms of nutrients found only in animal tissue. examples include certain essential fatty acids,, .
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