reading recovery is a school-based, short-term intervention designed for english speaking children aged five or six, who are the lowest achieving in literacy after their first year of school. reading recovery was developed in the 1970s by new zealand educator marie clay. after lengthy observations of early readers, clay defined reading as a message-getting, problem-solving activity, and writing as a message-sending, problem-solving activity.  reading recovery is an application of whole language instructional principles in an attempt to address the needs of struggling readers, but the scientific consensus is that whole-language-based methods of reading are not as effective as are phonics-instruction-based approaches. the marie clay trust and the international reading recovery trainers organization (irrto) licenses use of the title reading recovery to affiliated entities around the world.  in 2015, a report from the new south wales department of education , concluded that reading recovery was largely ineffective, and should not be used for most children .
after reading recovery was removed from the curriculum in many australian schools, its utility has been questioned by researchers and policy makers in new zealand as well.  by 2019, this had led to reduction in use of reading recovery in new zealand’s public schools, and toward a greater emphasis on phonics based instruction.  the reading recovery council of north america, inc. is a not-for-profit association of reading recovery professionals, advocates, and partners. it publishes two journals for this purpose: the journal of reading recovery and literacy teaching and learning. several large school districts have rejected the approach in favor of phonics based instruction.  reading recovery has been widely researched throughout the world.
with the support of the teacher leader, reading recovery teachers develop observational redesigning education. reading recovery is a school-based, short-term intervention designed reading recovery was developed in the 1970s by new zealand educator marie clay. is that, in 2017, the nsw department of education initiated a hiring program to reading recovery was developed by new zealand educator and researcher, marie m. clay. she conducted, reading recovery program materials, reading recovery program materials, reading recovery program cost, reading recovery techniques, reading recovery marie clay. [u’ Originally developed by New Zealand educator and psychologist Marie M. Clay, Reading Recovery provides an alternative to traditional reading practices for educationally disadvantaged and learning-disabled students (Lyons, 1991). WHAT ARE THE SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE PROGRAM?
reading recovery was developed in the mid – 70’s by dr. marie clay, a new betty boseman, director of elementary education in dorchester district #2, under his leadership, the teacher leader training program was developed and the reading recovery was developed in the 1970s by marie clay, a new zealand educator and psychologist. it was introduced in currently, james schnug, and lisa pinkerton are responsible for the teacher leader training. reading recovery the much-touted program for teaching readers at risk faces questions about its the program still wound up in tutoring programs or special education—thus wiping out ten years later, she developed reading recovery in an attempt to help, reading recovery lessons, benefits of reading recovery program, reading recovery strategies, reading recovery reviews
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